Basic setup and introduction of the ADB: Android Debug Bridge with examples of commands: top (busiest processes) and pull (file transfer) where I pull images and videos from my phone to my desktop.
Most Debian -based Linux distros (Debian, Ubuntu, Mint and many others. ) can install with:
sudo apt-get install android-tools-adb
Most Fedora / Suse -based linux distress can install with:
sudo yum install android-tools
Main ADB page: https://developer.android.com/studio/command-line/adb.html
OEM USB drivers: https://developer.android.com/studio/run/oem-usb.html